13:38 06/01/2021
Safe food plays an important role in improving the quality of life, improving human health, and is closely related to productivity and efficiency of economic development - trade - tourism, and social security. Assembly ... Humans are objects that use food every day. Therefore, the source of food with quality and safety must be on top to ensure the safety of human health in order to develop physically and maintain the race.

1. The reality of developing safe food sources in the province

The issue of clean and safe food is currently the top concern of consumers, because food safety not only directly and often affects consumers' health, but also closely related to productivity. In the context of clean food being confused with poor quality food, Bac Ninh has determined that the connection between supply and demand to bring safe food to consumers is urgent.

At the same time, to promote the consumption of agricultural products in industrial zones, the People's Committee of Bac Ninh province issued Decision No. 867 / QD-UBND dated 22/8/2014 on approving the Project of Food Supply Services, food, raw materials in the industrial zones of Bac Ninh province in the period of 2014-2020 and assigned the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development to be the project topic.

With the consultation of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, the agency in charge of the Project of Services to supply food, food and raw materials for industrial zones, the implementation efforts of localities, enterprises, and groups individuals. Up to now, the province has formed concentrated food production areas, specifically:

- Construction of breeding areas:

+ Raising cattle and poultry: To multiply and form new pig breeding areas; Poultry breeding areas; Dairy and beef cow breeding areas are located in most of the communes in the province.

+ To build 167 concentrated aquaculture areas with an area of ​​3,288 ha (accounting for 62.6% of the province's water surface area). Aquaculture areas concentrated in districts: Luong Tai, Que Vo, Gia Binh; Development of fish cage farming on the river: Up to now, there are 91 households raising fish cages in 26 villages of 18 communes located in 6 districts with 1,763 fish cages. The average productivity for a cage of 108m3 (36m2) is currently 4.5 - 5.0 tons / cage / litter.

- Regarding cultivation: Encourage businesses, organizations, individuals and households to convert appropriate cultivated areas, implement agricultural projects with high technology application to form crop areas. specialized farming in the province with crops such as: Potatoes - 2,100 ha; Carrots - 1,400 ha; Japanese perilla - 8 ha ... stabilizes the effective rice growing area.

The development of husbandry areas and cultivated areas in the direction of applying new technologies and high technologies has partly ensured food security, formed food, food and raw materials supply chains and chains. high quality safety in the province.

2. The situation of using the service of providing safe food according to the province's scheme in industrial zones

Up to now, the industrial zones have 1,070 enterprises going into production and business, employing 310,616 employees. There are 485 collective kitchens operating under the mode of hiring an industrial catering service provider (according to statistics of the Trade Union of Bac Ninh Industrial Zones, the superior trade union is managing 485 grassroots trade unions. , 485 enterprises organize shift meals for employees, specific activities of 485 kitchens are as follows: organizing a local kitchen for employees 237/485 reaching 48.86%, hiring transportation suppliers up to 248/485, reaching 51.13%); The rest is partly cooked by the enterprise (the cooking department is the employee, the worker of the enterprise), the other part does not organize the kitchen at the unit, some secondary enterprises rent the workshop to use the service. Collective kitchen together with the workshop rental unit ... About the value of meals: Number of businesses having trade unions organize a shift meal for employees with a meal value of over 15,000 VND (from 16,000 VND to VND 43,000) is 485, reaching 100%. In businesses that organize meals on-site, each day the menu has 2-3 main courses, soup and extra dishes are constantly changed, hygienically with enough nutrients for employees to regenerate. labor.

However, data from the Provincial Food Safety Management Board shows that the number of food poisoning is still quite complicated throughout the province. In industrial zones, since 2018, there have been 04 cases of food poisoning in: Guhsung Vina Co., Ltd., Hong Guang Plastic Co., Ltd., New Circuit Co., Ltd. (Que Vo Industrial Park), Motus Vina Co., Ltd. ( Dai Dong Industrial Park - Hoan Son). The above situation has seriously affected the employees' health, interrupted production and business activities, and reduced reputation of the business. The above cases were promptly resolved by the Provincial Food Safety Management Board. After having the results of the investigation, relevant agencies were informed to know and coordinate to improve the efficiency of state management on food safety and the operation of the business.

To cope with the increasing trend of poor quality and unsafe food, the solution of establishing, connecting supply and demand to form a safe food supply chain to consumers is really. necessary, needs. Currently, many localities across the country have been interested in promoting the linkage between production and consumption of agricultural products, promoting the application of high-tech and safe production models. In fact, the most effective solution to ensure food safety is being carried out in many localities is to build and develop a model of high quality safe food supply chain, especially for kitchens. collective in the industrial park.

Currently, the food products, safe food for the industrial park are: vegetables, fruits, tea, meat, eggs, rice and all kinds of seafood ...

Along with supporting businesses in the province to build chains, creating a connection between industrial enterprises and suppliers of safe food and food in the province, the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development coordinates with the Management Board of industrial zones, People's Committees of Districts, towns and cities have also stepped up the signing with enterprises supplying safe agricultural products to replicate the models and addresses of supplying clean agricultural products to industrial zone enterprises. The safe vegetable, meat and agricultural products supply chains for the industrial park have basically controlled the agricultural products and foodstuffs through the program of connecting consumption to the industrial zone such as the vegetable chain according to VietGAP standards in the districts, the Dabaco chicken chain. ... Currently, the majority of IZ enterprises give priority to using food supply services, safe food from organizations and individuals in the province, contributing to the effective implementation of the Provincial Project, as well as minimizing the cost of transporting goods, food, food.

3.To develop a safe food supply chain, contributing to the completion of the service chain supply plan for industrial zones in the province - an inevitable trend

3.1. Promote the development of supply chains for IZ enterprises:

Implementing the policy of strengthening food safety and hygiene (food safety) of the province.In recent years, the development of safe food supply chains has developed strongly with many forms of association. to supply safe products and gradually meet commodity quality standards to integrate into the world market. Currently, the project of Bac Ninh province on the development of services to supply food, food and raw materials in the concentrated industrial zones of Bac Ninh province in the period of 2014-2020 is organized by the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. implementing large-scale production models, applying high technology, organic agriculture, ensuring food safety; to develop the safe supply chain of agricultural, forestry and aquatic food, according to the province's key product groups. According to statistics of the Agriculture sector, up to now, the whole province has formed many models of joint ventures and associations in production and product consumption, specifically: There are 14 farming establishments, 11 livestock service cooperatives, 18 livestock farms outsource to businesses and 46 seafood cooperatives eligible for food safety to supply to industrial zones Some models of safe agricultural, forestry and fishery supply chain points have been formed, some chains are monitoring and confirming that products are subject to food safety control.

3.2. Carry out the inspection and control of safe food:

The supplier has been making commitments to enterprises to use, self-control and take responsibility for quality when supplying products to industrial parks. Enterprise IZ will notify the People's Committees of districts, towns, cities, the Department of Agriculture - Rural Development; Provincial Food Safety Management Board if detecting unsafe products to check and adjust production facilities.

In order to improve the effectiveness of the State management of food safety, every year, periodically, and unexpectedly, the relevant sectors have cooperated closely to implement coordination regulations in the field of food safety in the province, increasing Strengthening the management of production and business establishments, thereby contributing to ensuring safety and preventing food safety incidents. Particularly, the supply chain of agricultural and animal products is regularly quarantined by units in the agricultural sector, taking samples to test banned substances in livestock, food, and testing plant protection drugs. in major vegetable regions and fruit and vegetable markets, ensuring the supply of safe food for industrial zones.

It can be said that, through the implementation of the "Service project to supply food, food and raw materials in industrial zones in Bac Ninh province" from 2014 to now, as a standing agency of the Committee For the development of service activities, the Management Board of Bac Ninh IZs recognizes that there are still a number of difficulties and limitations, as follows:

First, food and food suppliers currently use goods from many different sources, including domestically produced and imported products. Sources of goods have the difference between the market price and the supply price in the industrial zones, such as: non-glutinous rice sold in Bac Ninh market costs 12,000-13,000 VND / kg, while the rice supplied to the industrial kitchens is fluctuating around the price of 11,000 VND / kg. This easily leads to the adjustment of the quality of goods through the mixing of products, potentially causing food unsafety.

Secondly, the enterprises selling products and services into the industrial park are all units with sufficient capacity and conditions to provide food, such as: food safety, financial capacity, delivery schedule. to meet the different requirements from customers. Competition is no longer a playground for local businesses. Therefore, it is very difficult to form a cohesive food and food supply chain between organizations, individuals and businesses in the province and outside the province.

Thirdly, there is a lack of local focal enterprises to organize the purchase and supply of products. The source of goods does not guarantee the stability of quantity, quality and price. The planning of agricultural areas has not been clearly completed (Although there are already areas for cultivation and husbandry, it is still fragmented, and there is no close linkage).

Fourthly, the Management Board of IZs has coordinated with the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development to implement many activities to connect and find outputs for farmers. However, the obtained efficiency is not high, has not really boosted the investment and development of households and cooperatives in investment in production.

Fifth, the policies of the State in general and Bac Ninh in particular are available but not attractive enough, the long process of enjoyment and complicated administrative procedures are not enough to attract key businesses. strong investment potential in the field of production, collection and supply of safe food products.

In the coming time, in order to promote the safe food supply chain, contributing to the completion of the service chain supply plan for the industrial zones in the province, we propose to synchronously implement the following solutions:

1- The province needs budget support to choose chain building, propaganda, training, training in advanced quality management programs, quality monitoring, trade promotion, branding, stamps identifying and tracing chain products, building stores to introduce and trade in safe agricultural products. People and businesses focus on investing in facilities, promoting products and developing activities of participating chains. At the same time, to create all favorable conditions for businesses, organizations, individuals and households to invest in the production of high quality and safe food products. Encourage the formation of family groups, cooperatives producing and trading food products and safe food to create a basis for the formation of the supply chain, but first of all, to ensure the rights and interests of the producers. export.

2 - Agriculture and Rural Development continues to advise the Provincial People's Committee to promulgate mechanisms and policies to support the development of cooperation, link production associated with agricultural product consumption to encourage businesses to invest in the chain. safe food. To focus on coordinating the implementation of land consolidation and accumulation, linking land in agricultural production, forming specialized farming areas and concentrated commodity production. Promote the attraction of investment resources for agricultural and rural infrastructure development. Along with that, to focus on renewing the form of production organization, focusing on the development of processing industries and rural industries.

3 - Districts, towns and cities need to well implement the planning of concentrated agricultural production areas; to develop hi-tech agricultural models on the basis of identifying specific crops, production scale, and suitable production methods. Interested in building and developing product brands; information on safe food supply chains and verified safe product business locations to establish links with product distribution and marketing facilities; stamp product traceability to make information transparent, build a solid brand for the product.

4 - Doing well the work of linking the 4 houses, promoting service activities, consulting, supporting farmers in production; supplying seeds, agricultural materials and selling products to farmers. To further step up the building of production chains and product sales; enhancing the role and replicating the model of agricultural cooperatives; to set up groups and groups to associate the production and sale of agricultural products.

5 - In the coming time, the agricultural sector should also have specific orientations to guide farmers in raw material areas to reorient customer segments, to suit their production capacity and local strengths.

In short, in order for the chain of safe agricultural products to be truly effective, producers must uphold their sense of responsibility in production to create quality and standard products. All levels, sectors and localities also need to promote the promotion of safe and unique local products to consumers, support and create favorable conditions for businesses, organizations, individuals and households. participating in manufacturing and trading (supplying) high quality and safe agricultural products. Since then, Bac Ninh's key products have actively participated in the supply chain for industrial zones in particular, contributing to the completion of the service chain supply plan for industrial zones in the province. From there, improving the quality of products and services; as a premise to improve the quality of life, increase labor productivity, stabilize business operations, and meet the criteria of quality and sustainable development./.

                                                                                                                   Written by Hoang Thi Thu Hai, Head of DEM
Translated by Nguyen Mai Huong, Chief of Office, Bacninh IZA
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